Lung Cancer – Causes Symptoms & Treatments

Causes & symptoms of lung cancer













It is the most common type cancer among men and women. The main case of lung cancer is smoking cigarettes. Even passive smoking (exposure to tobacco smoke) can cause lung cancer. There are 2 type of lung cancer. One is small cell lung cancers (SCLC) and the other is non-small lung cancers (NSCLC).

Causes & Prevention Lung Cancer

Causes of lung cancer











The first thing you need to do to be safe from lung cancer is to give up smoking. Giving up smoking may not be easy but there are products available to help you give up smoking. About 90% of cases of lung cancer are caused by smoking. Pipe and cigar also cause lung cancer. According to a study the chances of lung cancer is a smoker are 25 times higher than a non-smoker. We may ignore someone smoking besides us but it can increase the chances of lung cancer by 24% among non-smokers. Almost 7000 people die annually in USA due to passive smoking. Exposure to radon gas is the second highest cause of lung cancer. It is colorless and odor less but it can be detected by simple testing kits.


symptoms of lung cancer

Symptoms of lungs cancer varies by the size and location of the tumor. It has no symptoms in its early stages in most cases. About 25% of the patients who find out that they have lung cancer find it out during a routine chest X-ray or CT scan. These patients do not experience any symptom at the time of discovery. However, when the cancer spreads it can cause the shortness of breath, coughing up of blood, chest pain and wheezing. If it spreads, further it can may cause shoulder pain or even paralyze the vocal cords. Difficulty in swallowing is also a symptom.

Treatment of Lung Cancer

Treatment of lung cancer











If caught in its early stages the tumor of lungs cancer is just removed. However, other treatments include radiation therapy and chemotherapy. The choice of treatment also depends on the location of tumor, its size and the health of the patient. Removing of tumor by surgery is usually consider as an option at stage 1 or 2 only and it may not cure the cancer properly. In some cases, the cancer has already spread out of the cut area and it can spread again. However, it is not possible to perform a surgery on people with other severe diseases.

Radiation therapy

In radiation therapy, the dividing cancer cells are killed. It is used of a patient is not medically fit and cannot survive a surgery or simple do not want it. It usually only makes the tumor smaller and slows down its growth but it can still be very effective. Chemotherapy is the use of drugs to limit the growth and spreading of cancer cells. It can be give along with other treatments too. These are the most effective way to treat lung cancer. It can increase the chances of survival by 4 to 5 times. However, these have several other side effects such as hair loss, weight loss, diarrhea and vomiting. These also stop the growth of normal cells.

Methods To Remove The Chest Mucus

It is necessary to remove the mucus deposited in the chest region to get relief from chest congestion. Here are some tips to clear mucus from the chest.

  • If you are a smoker, stop the habit. Smoking can aggravate the respiratory problems infections and lung problems. Smoking irritates the mucus membranes and causes the excess production of chest mucus.
  •  It is necessary to treat nasal and sinus infections as early as possible to prevent chest infections and deposition of phlegm in the chest.
  •  Some cough suppressants cause the build-up of phlegm in the lungs and this leads to prolonged chest infections.
  •  Drinking plenty of warm water will loosen the phlegm and helps them to get removed from the system.
  • Practising ‘pranayama’ in yoga helps to improve breathing and increases the lung capacity.

The Importance Of Home Remedies For Chest Congestion

The natural treatments or home remedies are extremely useful if the chest congestion is not due to any serious conditions or if the problem is not persistent. The chest congestion due to common cold or flu can be easily relieved by home remedies.

  • These remedies are effective in people of all ages.
  • In situations where the use of pharmaceutical products has to be avoided such as pregnancy home remedies are the best options.
  • They are safe to use as there are no side effects associated with it.
  • They are easily available

Diet For Reducing Chest Congestion

A weak immune system causes the infections like flu, pneumonia etc. consume a balanced diet to improve the immune system and to get rid of congestion.  Diet rich in vitamin C and vitamin E can boost your immune system.  The mucus production in the body can be reduced by proper diet.  Avoid dairy products if you are having chest congestion. Dairy products increase the mucus production.  Onions, celery and garlic are effective in reducing mucus production in the body.  Opt for warm foods when you are having chest congestion. Warm foods and drinks help to open the airways and this result in the easy elimination of mucus from the body.

home remedies for Chest Congestion

Home Remedies For Chest Congestion

Home remedies are the treatments which are used by people generation after generation and they are the best way to treat non- serious ailments.  Here are some of the options that have been around for years to cure chest congestion.


Onions can be used cooked or raw for reducing chest congestion. You can use the raw small onions or the shallots along with sugar to thin the mucous present in the chest. Chew and swallow about 5-6 shallots along with sugar before you go to bed at night. You can also use the big onions sautéed or curried to treat this problem. This is one of the most effective home remedies for chest congestion. The sulfur and quercetin present in the onion help to break down the mucus and eases the chest congestion. The next day morning you will be feeling better.

Hot Water:

Whenever you feel thirsty drink hot water, anything hot will dissolve the thick phlegm associated with congestion. So, when you cough the phlegm will come out. You can also keep a hot water pack over the chest to ease of chest pain and to loosen the phlegm. Gargling with salty hot water for three to four times a day is also effective in reducing the mucus deposition.

Chicken Soup:

This one of the common home remedies for chest congestion. Drinking hot chicken soup reduces the inflammation in the lungs. The black pepper used in soup reduces the production of mucus and soothes a cough. Chicken soup helps to speed up the movement of mucus through a body and it gets eliminated quickly.

Lemon And Honey:

Honey is a well-known cough suppressant. You can drink a teaspoon of honey alone or you can mix honey with warm water and drink it. This will reduce the congestion and cough for several hours. Honey has antibacterial properties which reduces the infection of the respiratory tract.  You can mix a glass of hot water, a teaspoon of lemon juice and honey and drink it like tea. Breathing the steam helps to open up the nasal passages. Drink the mix three to four times a day to loosen the congestion.

Black Coffee:

If you are suffering from a cough and shortness of breath due to asthma attack then black coffee is a good remedy for your problem. Drink one or two cups of strong black coffee to get relief from breathing problem. Do not drink more than two cups as more caffeine can create an adverse effect in asthma patients.  Excess caffeine can increase your blood pressure and heart rate.

Honey And Pepper:

Honey and pepper are effective in reducing the thickness of phlegm and helps in the easy removal of the phlegm from the respiratory tract and from lungs. Honey again help in reducing the infections as they have antiseptic properties. Take half a teaspoon of powdered black pepper and mix it with honey to make a paste. Swallow this paste at least thrice a day to get faster relief from the chest congestion problem.

Ginger Tea:

Ginger tea helps in reducing the inflammations in the respiratory tract as it has analgesic and antibacterial property. Ginger candies can be used to soothe a cough due to cold.  You can also take powdered ginger along with honey to reduce the problem of throat infections and chest congestion.

Increasing The Humidity Of The Room:

To reduce congestion and cough and to breathe properly add humidity to the room used by the person with chest congestion.  Running a humidifier at night in the room adds more water vapour to the air. When this water vapour reaches the lungs, it helps to loosen the mucus and thus removal of mucus is made easy.

Inhaling Eucalyptus Oil:

Eucalyptus oil also has antibacterial properties and analgesic properties. Heat water in a pot and add three to four drops of eucalyptus oil into it. Cover your head as well as the pot containing the inhalation solution using a bath towel. This helps the vapours from the pot to reach into your nostrils. Breathe in, to get the vapours into your lungs. Repeat this treatment twice daily to get a faster result.


Drink lemon juice mixed with hot water and salt for three to four times a day. The vitamin C present in the lemon improves the immunity of the body and helps the body to fight against the virus causing cold.  The acidic nature of the lemon water also reduces the thickness of the mucus.


Licorice is considered as a natural expectorant. Drinking tea made with ½ tsp licorice root thrice a day can soothe the irritated throats and inflamed lungs. If you have blood pressure, does not use this remedy.

Increase The Fluid Intake:

Drinking more fluids helps to break up the congestion caused by mucus.  You can take soups, juices or tea to increase your fluid intake.  This prevents the mucus from coagulating. Coagulated mucus is difficult to get removed.  When you drink more fluids, it will be easier to cough up the loosened mucus.

Have Spicy Food:

When you have spicy food containing ginger, garlic chilli or black pepper they act like decongestants.  You can get rid of unwanted bacteria from the body using the spicy food. The spicy foods loosen the phlegm. This is the reason why you have a runny nose when you eat the spicy food.


This natural herb helps to break up the mucus associated with cold and chest congestion. You can add this herb to a variety of dishes. They release the histamines which help in healing ailments.

Most of these home remedies for chest congestion help in reducing the pain and discomfort caused by chest congestion. One has to find out which one is effective for them by using different remedies.

Are you a person regularly suffering from the chest congestion due to the common cold?  Are you looking for best ways to get rid of the chest congestion without the use of prescribed or over the counter medicines?  Try the above methods to find the most suited method for removing cough and chest congestion.

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